英会話練習帳 受動態 過去形 was ＋ written 「書かれました」 「書く」write - wrote - written
「この話は、トムによって書かれました。」 This story was written by Tom. This story wasn't written by Tom. Was this story written by Tom? Yes, it was. No, it wasn't. What was written by Tom? This story was. By whom was this story written? It was written by Tom.
A story means hanashi in Japanese. A word "this" has two meanings of korewa and kono in Japanese. A word means tango in Japanese. A meaning means imi in Japanese.
「トムが、この話を書きました。」 Tom wrote this story. Tom didn't write this story. Did Tom write this story? Yes, he did. No, he didn't. What did Tom write? He wrote this story. Who wrote this story? Tom did.